Tom Avery tras los pasos de Peary

Ciencia

19 de Diciembre del 2011

El aniversario de la llegada de Amundsen al Polo Sur ha generado una fiebre aventurera entre mucha gente que conozco. Algunos se han enzarzado en un debate sin fin: “Yo soy más de Amundsen que de Scott”, “Pero qué dices, Scott recogía muestras geológicas para la ciencia”, “Y el orgullo le perdió”, “Pues yo me quedo con Shackleton”.

Otros han navegado por la red como si de un mar se tratara y cual intrépidos marineros, han encontrado verdaderas joyas de la mano de varios plumillas. Frente a éstos, unos cuantos me han recomendado a plumillas clásicos y obras de referencia en la aventura antártica.


La última en contagiarse ha sido mi profesora de inglés, que nos sorprendió en clase con el siguiente texto. Así da gusto aprender ;D


Om Avery is the youngest Briton to have reaches both poles. He and his team recently followed the route taken by Robert Peary in his 1909 expedition to the North Pole.


Both men left from Cape Columbia but Peary´s team was larger. Peary also had four support groups and every 160 kilometres a group would leave food behind and turn back. This meant the team decreased in size as he went north. Avery´s team didn´t have the extra men, but the had food dropped by plane at four locations.


Although Avery´s team had the benefit of modern technology, Avery thinks this did not make much difference. “Your speed depends on the dogs and how quickly you can get a sledge through the ice. We also had to deal with the same dangers. At the end of the winter, some ice is only 7 centimetres thick and it can break easily under your weight. Peary was also more experienced than us and had been on several expeditions to the Artic”.


Avery believes they owe their success to the 16 Inuit dogs that pulled the sledges. “Our dogs worked in teams of 8. They kept us going. In the evenings I would thank every one of them”.


“Travelling with dogs is the best form of Artic transport. You cannot do the journey in that time by any other method”.


Some historians say that Peary could not have reached the North Pole in 39 days. But Avery´s team actually beat this time, becoming the fastest to reach the North Pole. Avery says, “We told everyone it could be done so it was important not to fail. But it was hard, especially towards the end when the ice was melting quickly”.





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Kanzi, el bonobo que literalmente “entiende” lo que le dices

Si existe una superestrella dentro de la comunidad bonobo, este podría ser Kanzi, que significa “tesoro” en Swahili. Nacido el 28 de octubre de 1980, Kanzi llegó al Centro de Investigación del Lenguaje de la Universidad del Estado de Georgia cuando tenía seis meses. Se dice de él que es el primer mono en demostrar comprensión real del lenguaje hablado.